Evaluation of Public Awareness, Knowledge and Attitudes about Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: Report of İzmir [Turk J Anaesthesiol Reanim]
Turk J Anaesthesiol Reanim. 2015; 43(6): 396-405 | DOI: 10.5152/TJAR.2015.61587  

Evaluation of Public Awareness, Knowledge and Attitudes about Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: Report of İzmir

Şule Özbilgin, Mert Akan, Volkan Hancı, Ceren Aygün, Bahar Kuvaki
Dokuz Eylül University, School of Medicine, Department of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation, Izmir, Turkey

INTRODUCTION: Early initiation of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) by witnesses increases survival after cardiac arrest. In Turkey, our country, it is rare that basic life support (BLS) is initiated by a layperson. In our study, we aimed to use a survey to research awareness, level of knowledge and attitudes of the public to CPR and BLS.
METHODS: A 21-question survey was administered to individuals aged ≥18 years on a busy street in a city of a western region of Turkey. Topics such as knowledge about cardiac arrest findings, previous experience of CPR, knowledge of BLS and concerns related to CPR were questioned.
RESULTS: The fully completed forms of 533 people were evaluated. There were 40.7% who stated that they had received training in CPR. For signs of cardiac arrest, 40.7% answered loss of consciousness, 49.3% answered cessation of breathing and 60.7% answered cessation of circulation. It was found that 35.5% could perform only chest compressions, 27.6% could perform mouth-to-mouth ventilation and 28.7% able to perform both. While 52.0% knew the location for performing chest compressions, 34.3% knew the correct depth and 15.6% knew the correct compression–ventilation rate. Bystander CPR was performed by 3.6%.
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: In conclusion, 40.7% of people living in a highly educated region in the western part of Turkey had received CPR training and 3.6% performed bystander CPR. A majority of participants stated that they were willing to correct and develop their knowledge and skills related to CPR. Effective public CPR training programmes may increase the knowledge and awareness of CPR in the adult population.

Keywords: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, cardiac arrest, attitudes, healthy knowledge, survey


Şule Özbilgin, Mert Akan, Volkan Hancı, Ceren Aygün, Bahar Kuvaki. Evaluation of Public Awareness, Knowledge and Attitudes about Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: Report of İzmir. Turk J Anaesthesiol Reanim. 2015; 43(6): 396-405

Corresponding Author: Şule Özbilgin, Türkiye


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