Acute Encephalitis and Myocarditis Associated with Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections [Turk J Anaesthesiol Reanim]
Turk J Anaesthesiol Reanim. 2019; 47(4): 348-351 | DOI: 10.5152/TJAR.2019.52028  

Acute Encephalitis and Myocarditis Associated with Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections

Seher Erdoğan, Kahraman Yakut, Sevinç Kalın
Department of Paediatrics, Health Scienses University, Ümraniye Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey

Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is one of the most common causes of acute respiratory tract infections among children. 1%-2% of RSV infections require hospitalization. In addition to the respiratory system, cardiovascular system may be also affected by the RSV infection. A 7-year-old, previously healthy, female patient presenting with respiratory difficulties was admitted to the paediatric intensive care unit. The patient was intubated and connected to a mechanical ventilator because of acute respiratory failure. Her tracheal aspirate was studied for viral multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and RSV positivity was detected. Her echocardiogram revealed left ventricular dysfunction. She was put on fluid restriction, intravenous furosemide, and inotropic support. Her cranial magnetic resonance examination showed the signs of acute haemorrhagic encephalopathy. She underwent five sessions of therapeutic plasma exchange with fresh frozen plasma. She was extubated on the 18th day of admission and provided with respiratory support with high-flow oxygen therapy thereafter. On the 23rd day, when her clinical status remained stable, she was transferred to the paediatrics ward. An RSV infection should be considered in cases with acute necrotising encephalitis and myocarditis.

Keywords: Encephalitis, intensive care, respiratory syncytial virus


Seher Erdoğan, Kahraman Yakut, Sevinç Kalın. Acute Encephalitis and Myocarditis Associated with Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infections. Turk J Anaesthesiol Reanim. 2019; 47(4): 348-351

Corresponding Author: Seher Erdoğan, Türkiye


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