The influence of tobacco smoking on Perioperative risk of venous thromboembolism: review [Turk J Anaesthesiol Reanim]
Turk J Anaesthesiol Reanim. Ahead of Print: TARD-08683

The influence of tobacco smoking on Perioperative risk of venous thromboembolism: review

Bassam Al Nasser
Department Of Anesthesia And Intensive Care, Clinique Du Parc Saint Lazare, Beauvais, France

Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is generally considered a very distinct process from the arterial atherosclerosclerosis. The role of tobacco is well established in arterial thrombosis. However, its role in VTE is less obvious and remains controversial. We analyzed in this mini review the literature to identify the role of active or passive smoking in perioperative VTE and the relationship between arterial atherosclerosis and VTE.
We carried an internet search in French and English including the following key words was performed: deep vein thrombosis, tobacco, cigarette smoking, pulmonary embolism, postoperative, postoperative, atherosclerosis.
Regarding the relationship between tobacco and VTE, 9 studies were identified.
Table 5 and Figure 1 rank the studies by risk of VTE in relation to active or passive smoking.
In conclusion the management of smoking during the perioperative period for a short-term arrest (minimum 4-8 weeks before the intervention), or long-term, allows among others a reduction of arterial or venous thrombotic events. However, it is clear that the training of anesthesiologists-resuscitators in the management of smoking will contribute to the reduction of this scourge of public health.

Keywords: deep vein thrombosis, tobacco, cigarette smoking, pulmonary embolism, atherosclerosis.




Corresponding Author: Bassam Al Nasser, France


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